The collection was developed & this website
is maintained by
K Cummings Pipes.
I strive to comply with copyright law. I believe all the quotations and illustrations on this
website are either in the public domain or comply with standards of fair use. My original materials, including
my synopses, my notes on Victorian life, and articles bearing my byline, are copyrighted (K Cummings Pipes, 2007.)
Permission is hereby granted for non-profit use which should include a citation to this website.
If you are in university and need a hard copy citation to this information please contact email
If you make use of this material, I'd appreciate a note as a courtesy.